Förkortningar

Inom Kvalitets/miljö-styrning och specifikt inom automotive finns en uppsjö
bokstavskombinationer som man måste känna till. Känner du till flera än de
cirka 150 som anges nedan vore det roligt om du mailar dem till oss.
Kravet är max 5 bokstäver eller kombination av bokstäver-siffor och även
en förklaring. Gärna om du känner till alternativa/roliga tolkningar.
 

Förkortningar. Anm.
5 Why 5 x Varför, problemlösningsmetod
5S Ordning och reda i 5 steg enligt japansk modell
8D Problemlösningsmetod vid reklamation, i 8 steg
AAR Apperance Approval Report
AIAG Automotive Industry Action Group
APF Audit Planning Form (krävs från certifieringsorgan inför revision
(utgivare av de 5 Core-tools)
APQP Advanced Product Quality Planning
ARL Average Run Length (SPC)
ASTM American Society for Testing of Material
BA Business Area
BOM Bill Of Material, initiell lista av ingående
komponenter för att producera artikeln
BP Business Plan
BU Business Unit
CAD Computer Aided Design
CAE Computer Aided Engineering
CAR Corrective Action Report, see 8D
CB Certification Body
CC Critical Characteristic
CL Center Line
CMM Coordinate Measurement Machine (koordinat-mätmaskin)
COP Conformity Of Production
COPQ Cost of Poor Quality
CP Control Plan
Cp Capability Index för en stabil process definierad som den lägsta av CPU eller CPL
Cpk Capability Index för en stabil process definierad som (USL-LSL)/6sigma-tak
CPL Lower Capability Index
CPU Upper Capability Index
CQI 8 Layered Process Audit Gudeline
CQI 9 AIAG:s Heat Treatment Assessment
CQI 10 AIAG:s Effective Problem Solving
CQI 11 AIAG:s Plating System Assessment
CQI 12 AIAG:s Coating System Assessment
CQI 13 AIAG:s Technical implementation of eAPQP Schemes
CQI 14 AIAG:s Consunmer Centric Warranty Management Assessment tool (se MMOG)
CQI 15 AIAG:s Special Process Welding System Assessment
CQI 16 AIAG:s Auditing ISO/TS 16949
CQI 17 AIAG:s Soldering System Assessment
CQI 18 AIAG:s Layered Process Audit Guideline
CQI 19 AIAG:s Sub-tier Supplier management Process Guidelines
CQI 23 AIAG:s Special Processes: Molding System Assessment
CR Capability Ratio för en stabil process
CSI Customer Satisfaction Index
CSL I Control Shipping Level 1 (GM eskaleringsmodell)
CSL II Control Shipping Level 2 (GM eskaleringsmodell)
CSR Customer Specific Requirements t.ex
CSR (alt) Corporate Social Responsibility
FORD/Chrysler/GM CSR for ISO/TS 16949:2009
CUSUM Cumulative Sum Chart (SPC)
d2 En faktor av R-tak används för att bestämma
processens standardavvikelse
DFA Design For Assembly
DFM Design For Manufacture
DFMEA Design FMEA
DOE Design of experiments
DUNS Leverantörskod t.ex i GM:s interna leverantörsdatabas
ECR Engineering Change Request
EDI Electronical Data Interface, för aktuella leveransplaner
EFR Exemption From Requrements
ePS Electronic Purchasing System
EQW Early Quality Warning
ES Engineering Specifikation
ESD Electrostatic Discharge, skydd för elektrostatisk urladdning
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions (finns för ISO/TS 16949:2009
FAT Factory Acceptence Test, (inköp av maskin/utr.)
FCA Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (Fiat + f.d Chrysler)
FEA Finite Element Analysis
FIFO First In First Out
FIST ”First In Still Here”
FMEA Potential Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (fourth edition)
FTA Fault Tree Analysis, felträdsanalys)
GAP Gap-analysis
GD&T Gemetric Dimensioning and Tolerancing
GDP Global Development Process
GP 12 Early Production Containment Procedure, krävs t.ex vid nya produkter i samband med PPAP (GM)
GRR Gauge Repeatability and Reproduceability
GSC Global Sourcing Committe
HMS Hälsa – Miljö – Säkerhets gemensamt ledningssystem
HR Human Resources
HSE Health Safety and Environment
IA Initial Audit
IAOB Internatiol Automotive Oversight Bureau
IATF International Automotive Task Force ӊger IATF 16949:2016
ICAR Internal Corrective Action Request
IMDS International Material Data System, rapportera in vikt, produktens innehåll
IR Inspection Report
IRCA International Register for ..
ISO International organisation for Standardisation.
Std för t.ex kvalitet (ISO 9001).
KEP Key Element Procedure
KPI:s Key Performance Indicator
LCL Lower Control Limits – nedre styrgräns
LOC Letter of Conformance (ges ut av certifieringsorgan om org, ännu inte har full historik
LOI Letter Of Intent
LPS Low Performing Supplier
LSL Lower Specification Limit
MAP Measurement Assurance Program
Mfg Manufacturing
MMOG Master Global Material Management Operational Guideline. Revision mot logistik från Odette/AIAG
MR Management Review
MR Moving Range
MSA Measurement System Analysis
MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
MTTR Mean Time To Repair
NACE Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community. Koder för olika verksamheter
NBH New Business on Hold (GM eskaleringsmodell sista steget)
NCN Non Conformity Note, skrivs av Certifieringsorganen
ndc 1.41(PV/GRR ) Number of Distinct Categories >5
NDT Non Destructive Testing
NEVS National Electric Vehicle Sweden (f.d SAAB)
NIST National Measurement Institute MSA 4th edition
np Antal avvikande produkter i ett provuttag,see np-chart SPC-manual
OEE Overall Equipment Efficiency
OEM Original Equipment Manunfacturer (GM, Chrysler,
FORD, WV, BMW m.fl)
OFP Oförstörande Provning
OHSAS Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series,
ledningssystem för arbetsmiljö
OPI Operational Performance Indicator
OTD On Time Delivery
PAA Product Application Agreement
PARMA Supplier Code in VOLVO information system
PDCA Plan Do Check Act, Demings-cirkeln
PDCA ”Pleace Don´t Change Anything”
PFMEA Process FMEA
Pp Performance Index
PPAP Production Part Approval Process
Ppk Performance Index minimum av PPU eller PPL
PPL Lower Perfomance Index
ppm Part Per Million
PPU Upper Performance Index
PR Performance Ratio
PSL Potential Supplier List
PSW Part Submission Warrant
PTR Production Trial Run se R@R
PV Part Variation
Q1 FORD Q1 Award
Q1 Revoke Loss of Q1 recognintion
QJ Quality Journal
QMS Quality Management System
QOS FORDs kvalitetsledningsystem för leverantörer
QPM Quality Performance Measurement
QSB Nevs Quality System Basics CSR
R@R Run @ Rate Fulltaktsprov (GM GP9)
RA Recertification Audit
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemiclas (EC 1907/2006)
RFQ Request For Quatation
RPN Risk Priority Number, nummer 1-10 som sätts för Severity – Occurrence – Detection
RSL Remote Support Location (see Rules for IATF), stödjer en site med t.ex Ledning, QA mm
RTS Review of Technical Specification
SC Special Characteristic
SCR Supplier Change Request
SDS Safety Data Sheet, säkerhetsdatablad (SDB)
SDS System Design Specification (FORD)
SEM Supplier Evaluation Model (Volvo)
SC Significant Chararacteristic
SI Sanctioned Interpretations (finns för ISO/TS)
S-IpB Severity Incidents per Billoin (GM CSR)
SLA Service Level Agreement
SMMT Society of Motor Manufactures and Traders UK
SNI Svensk Näringsgrensindelning (SNI) är en branschindelning, se NACE
SOD Rankning i FMEA baserad på Severity, Occurence och Detection
SOP Start Of Production
SPC Statistical Process Control
SQA Supplier Quality Assurance
SQE Supplier Quality Engineer
SREA Supplier Request for Engineering Approval (FORD)
STA SSupplier Technical Assistance (JLRQ)
SQAM Supplier Quality Assurance Manual
SWOT Strenght- Weakness – Opportunity – Treaths, riskanalys
vid t.ex framtagande av BP
TAK Tillgänglighet x Anläggningsutnyttjande x Kvalitet
TFC Team Feasability Committment, se APQP
TGR Things Gone Right
TGW Things Gone Wrong
TPM Total Preventive Maintenance
TTT ”Ting Tar Tid” (norsk variant)
TV Total Variation
USL Upper Specification Limit
UTG Undre Tolerans Gräns
VA Value Analysis i syfte att reducera kostnader
VE Value Engineering
WI Work Instruction
WIP Work In Progress
WP Welding Procedure
ÄO Ändrings Order
ÖTG Övre Tolerans Gräns